4000. Haynes 1894 Pioneer

The 1894 Haynes “Pioneer” took its first test run on July 4th, 1894. This replication is what a Haynes car would look like around 1894-1895, and it even ran in 1994 for to celebrate the “Pioneer’s” Centennial. Elwood Haynes himself donated the original to the Smithsonian. Haynes was said to never make the same car twice, he was constantly improving and evolving his ideas.

Elwood Haynes created the “Pioneer” with the use of bicycle and buggy technology from the time period. The wheels resemble a bicycle and the body of the automobile coincides with that of a buggy. A tiller was used to steer the car.

Originally, Haynes wanted to use steam power to run his automobile, but decided that sitting next to a boiler was unsafe. He then moved on to electricity, and decided that it was also unfeasible, making him turn to the gasoline-powered engine. Haynes ordered a one-horsepower Marine upright, 2-cycle, gasoline engine from Sintz Gas Engine Company located in Grand Rapids Michigan. The engine weighed nearly one hundred eighty pounds causing Haynes to create a larger frame for his automobile than he originally envisioned. The top speed achieved by the 1894 Pioneer was eight to nine miles per hour. Nineteen years later his machines would run thirty five to forty miles per hour.

Haynes drove this car so frequently that he put nearly one thousand miles on the car. It is said that he drove it at night to keep from spooking the horses on the roads. In fact on one of his first drives he spooked a horse of a tomato farmer, the horse ruined part of the farmers crop. Haynes stopped, and paid the farmer for the smashed tomatoes.

Haynes signed up for a Thanksgiving motorcycle race in Chicago in 1895. The term automobile had not been coined yet. The Times Herald put on the race, and only six cars competed because many had been damaged due to the weather.